Mood Disorders

Mood disorders encompass a wide range of mental health conditions that can be disruptive to a person’s well-being. Elevation Behavioral Health offers comprehensive mental health treatment for those in need.

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Dr. Priya Chaudhri

CEO / Owner

Elevation Behavioral Health is licensed with the Department of Health Care Services and the Department of Social Services.

Elevation Behavioral Health

Mood Disorders Treatment

Mood disorders are mental health conditions that feature moods or mood swings that are extreme or protracted in nature. People with a mood disorder may exhibit persistent depressed mood, long-term mild depression, manic behaviors, or mood issues attributed to substance use disorders. When the disordered mood begins to impair normal daily functioning or becomes disruptive or a danger to self or others, it should be treated appropriately.


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Different Types Of Mood Disorders

There are different types of mood disorders, each having features of extreme mood or mood fluctuations that disrupt normal functioning. These include:

Characterized by extreme manic episodes that can last up to a week, alternating with depressive episodes that may last two weeks or more.

Features a pattern of hypomanic episodes alternating with depressive episodes, but the manic episodes are not as severe as in bipolar I.

Defined by multiple periods of where both the symptoms of mania and depression exist, but not to the level of an “episode.”

Features persistent sadness, despair, fatigue, changes in eating and sleep habits, loss of interest in activities once enjoyed, and suicidal thoughts that last more than two weeks.

Also referred to as dysthymia, it features long-term lower-grade depression lasting more than two years in duration.

A severe form of PMS that features irritability, extreme sadness, anger, and hopelessness in relation to a woman’s menstrual cycle.

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What Causes A Mood Disorder?

It is still unknown exactly what causes a mood disorder. However, there are certain factors that science has recognized as potentially causal, including genetics, brain chemistry imbalance, extreme protracted stress, personality traits, and substance use disorders.

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What Are The Signs Of A Mood Disorder?

Mood disorders encompass a wide range of conditions characterized by disturbances in mood, including depression, bipolar disorder, and related conditions. Signs of a mood disorder can vary depending on the specific type of disorder and the individual’s unique experiences. However, some common signs and symptoms of mood disorders include:

Individuals with mood disorders often experience persistent feelings of sadness, emptiness, hopelessness, or irritability that significantly impact their daily functioning and quality of life.

 A diminished interest in activities that were once enjoyable or pleasurable, including hobbies, social interactions, or relationships, is a hallmark symptom of many mood disorders, particularly depression.

Mood disorders can affect sleep patterns, leading to insomnia (difficulty falling or staying asleep), hypersomnia (excessive sleepiness), or irregular sleep-wake cycles.

Significant changes in appetite or weight, such as overeating or loss of appetite, can occur in individuals with mood disorders, particularly depression.

Persistent feelings of fatigue, low energy, or exhaustion, even after adequate rest, are common symptoms of mood disorders.

Mood disorders can impair cognitive functioning, leading to difficulties with concentration, decision-making, memory, and problem-solving.

Individuals with mood disorders may experience pervasive feelings of worthlessness, guilt, self-blame, or self-criticism that are disproportionate to the situation.

Some individuals with mood disorders may exhibit psychomotor agitation (restlessness, pacing, fidgeting) or psychomotor retardation (slowed movements, speech, or thought processes).

 In severe cases, individuals with mood disorders may experience suicidal thoughts, ideation, or behaviors. It’s essential to take any mention or indication of suicidal thoughts or behaviors seriously and seek immediate help.

Mood disorders such as bipolar disorder are characterized by significant mood swings between depressive episodes (low mood) and manic or hypomanic episodes (elevated, irritable mood).

It’s important to note that experiencing one or more of these symptoms does not necessarily indicate a mood disorder, as many factors can contribute to changes in mood and behavior. However, if these symptoms persist over an extended period, significantly interfere with daily functioning, or cause distress, it may be indicative of a mood disorder. If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of a mood disorder, it’s essential to seek professional help from a mental health treatment center for a thorough evaluation and appropriate treatment.

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Treatment For A Mood Disorder

Because mood disorders have the potential to negatively impact all aspects of life, it is important to seek treatment from a mental health professional. Mood disorders can be adequately managed through a combination of interventions, improving the quality of life. Once a medical condition is ruled out as a possible cause of the mood disorder, the next step is to visit a psychiatrist who can design a tailored treatment plan to suit the features of the individual’s mood disorder.

Treatment primarily consists of:

Psychotropic medications: The doctor will determine the medication intervention best suited to the individual’s unique needs. This may involve antidepressants, mood stabilizers, anti-anxiety drugs, or anti-psychotic medications depending on the specific diagnosis.

Psychotherapy: Through psychotherapy, patients are taught ways to reshape their self-defeating thought patterns that can trigger symptoms, and to replace the disordered thought-behavior patterns with healthier beliefs and more positive behaviors.

Holistic activities: The doctor may suggest the patient engage in a variety of holistic activities that will help them manage their stress levels and lead to relaxation. These might be yoga, deep-breathing exercises, mindfulness meditation, art therapy, acupuncture, or massage therapy.

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When Is Residential Care Appropriate For A Mood Disorder?

If an individual diagnosed with a mood disorder has found that outpatient mental health services have not adequately improved their functioning, or if the individual displays psychotic symptoms or signs of considering suicide, a residential treatment program is the best level of care. A residential program can provide acute stabilization services to immediately safeguard the patient in distress.

In cases where there is no acute event, a residential treatment environment offers a plethora of daily therapeutic activities and 24-hour support. The combination of psychotherapy, group therapy, medication management, and holistic activities work congruently to help improve the patient’s overall functioning and management of their mood disorder.

Elevation Behavioral Health Treats Mood Disorders

Call our Admissions Team at Elevation Behavioral Health to receive a free confidential telephone assessment and to learn more about the treatment program options.