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Emotional Intelligence (EQ) refers to one’s ability to recognize, control, and assess emotions. Some experts believe that you can learn and strengthen EQ.
Knowing how to understand, assess, and respond to emotions is important. So is knowing how to control and express them. Having and acknowledging your EQ can be applied not only with friends and family, but in the workplace as well as other social relationships. In fact, your EQ may be more important to your success in life than your IQ.
So, how does emotional intelligence affect stress, anxiety, and academic performance? How is EQ measured, and is there any way to strengthen it? Let’s find out!
The Four Components of Emotional Intelligence
One of the first steps you can help to better understand your emotional skills is familiarizing yourself with the components of emotional intelligence. There are four components of emotional intelligence, including:
- Perceiving Emotions: Understanding emotions requires knowing how to perceive them, and understanding how to see the emotions in others. This means being aware of nonverbal cues like facial expressions and body language.
- Reasoning with Emotions: Emotional intelligence requires using your emotions to promote cognitive activity. Emotions can help you decide what to pay attention to and react to. When you exercise more self-awareness you can make intentional decisions on where to focus.
- Understanding Emotions: Emotional intelligence requires understanding the cause and meaning of emotion. For example, if your spouse is displaying anger, it could mean that you did something wrong. But it could also mean that they had a bad day at work. You can also use this to understand your own emotions and where they stem from.
- Managing Emotions: Learning how to manage emotions effectively is key for emotional intelligence. Managing your emotions includes responding appropriately and regulating your emotions.
Complexity measures the four components of emotional intelligence. For example, perceiving and expressing emotion are basic skills. Conscious involvement and regulating emotions are more advanced.
The Benefits of EQ in Everyday Life
Here are some of the benefits emotional intelligence can have in everyday life:
- Thinking before reacting in emotional situations.
- Improved self-awareness.
- Improved empathy for those around you.
- Ability to accept criticism and responsibility.
- Better listening and communication skills.
- Better problem-solving skills.
How Does Emotional Intelligence Affect Stress and Anxiety?
Most of us are dealing with stress and anxiety on some level. Whether it’s work, school, money, or relationships, you can’t always avoid the things that cause you stress.
A high EQ can help you manage your stress better. Building emotional intelligence helps you manage stress in several ways. It helps you assess situations better, cope with pressure, and navigate social conflict.
EQ can also work as a stress buffer. Individuals with high EQ are less likely to become overwhelmed in stressful situations. They’re also more likely to recover fast once the situation has passed.
Having a high EQ doesn’t mean that a person isn’t ever anxious or even depressed. They may even be more prone to emotional trauma, including anxiety and depression. That’s because they’re more in tune with uncomfortable emotions, both their own and those around them.
A person with a high EQ is both empathetic and self-aware. They can often tolerate and recover from uncomfortable emotions easier. But they may also experience intense anxiety related to those emotions.
They may feel extreme remorse after a confrontation. Especially if their mistake has hurt someone else. But they can also recognize their own mistakes. This allows them to grow and avoid similar situations in the future.
The Benefits of Kinesiology for High EQ People
Applied kinesiology services can be beneficial for people with high emotional intelligence. Especially if they struggle with anxiety related to their emotions. This holistic health practice helps the body handle anxiety and stress.
Kinesiology uses gentle muscle testing to assess the cause of stress and anxiety. It shows the practitioner how stress is affecting the body. The kinesiologist then creates an action plan for healing. They focus on natural interventions, like yoga, supplements, and nutrition.
How Emotional Intelligence Supports Academic Performance
Students who have a high EQ are better able to manage their emotions and relate to those around them. This can result in better self-motivation and better communication skills. These skills are essential for academic performance.
Students with higher levels of emotional intelligence are also more self-aware. They often have better decision-making skills and can cope with academic stress better.
How is Emotional Intelligence Measured?
There are many different ways to assess emotional intelligence. The two most common methods are ability tests and self-report tests.
Self-report tests are the easiest to administer. The individual responds to questions or statements by rating how they react in certain situations. A mental health professional conducts ability tests and provides feedback.
If you want to investigate your emotional intelligence on your own, there are many online tests available, and they are often free.
Wrapping Up: How Can You Improve Your Emotional Intelligence?
Are you interested in improving your emotional intelligence? Here are some tips.
- Practice Listening: Listening is the first step in understanding how other people are feeling. Practice listening to what other people are telling you, with their words and with their body language and facial expressions. Think about the different factors that might be contributing to how they’re feeling.
- Practice Empathy: Practice putting yourself in someone else’s shoes and looking at things from their perspective. This will help you develop stronger emotional skills and a better understanding of others in various situations.
- Reflect: Think about how your emotions influence the way you react and behave. Understanding yourself and your response to things (more self-awareness) will help you to reflect on how you can work to respond differently. Also, think about how the other person’s emotions may contribute to their response in a given situation.
As you practice these skills, you may find that they become second nature. Over time, it will be easier to understand the role emotions play in how you and those around you react and behave.